First place to start, Jackson Square. Located in the southern corner of The French Quarter, it is ripe with historical value. Designed by architect and landscaper Louis H. Pilié, it was named after President Andrew Jackson when he was just a General in the early 1800s. Jackson Square sits in front two of the oldest renting apartment buildings in the United States, the Pontalba Buildings, and diagonally across from the square is the famous Café du Monde. With live, impromptu performances from street artists and the lure of tarot card readers, there is never a boring moment at Jackson Square.
Next stop on your historical journey through the Vieux Carré is Pirates Alley. Not always mentioned because of it's confusing history, but the fact remains that that is little alleyway is a must see for anyone. The birthplace of William Faulkner's "Soldiers Pay" and the oldest running cathedral in the United States, St. Louis Cathedral. There are more souls than living beings that roam Pirates Alley, including the Lafitte Brothers who coined the term "fencing stolen goods".
As you leisurely move through the French Quarter on the SW side before moving North approaching Bourbon Street you must make a pit stop at Antoine's. Established in 1840 and the inventor of famous New Orleans dishes such as Oysters Rockefeller and Egg Sardou. With its lengthy menu and delicious wine list you'll want to eat—and drink—everything on site.
Finally, moving onto Bourbon Street. Bar hopping is the highlight of Rue Bourbon and a must-do. First stop Old Absinthe House where after a century not being able to consume Absinthe you now can. Moving on to Pat O'Brian's Bar in which you can drink a few Hurricanes, in which it was first created. Stumbling over to Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop, one of the oldest standing structures in New Orleans and the oldest continually occupied bar.
When you've finally have had your share of Rue Bourbon you can stay at Hotel Maison de Ville and you may get inspired to complete a masterpiece as did Tennesse Williams with "A Streetcar Named Desire". There you can also enjoy a frightfully strong nightcap invented by New Orleans' famous apothecary Antoine Peychaud. A drink made of bitters and brands measured in an eggcup called a Sazerac.
Simply walking through the streets of the French Quarter is enough for any history buff. With its old-world colonial feel of the Spanish reign and its unshakeable Creole influence there's no way not to enjoy feeling the thick air of history and old tales in the very air you breathe.